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Lowering the Cost of Emission Reduction by Dr Michael Ridley investigates a novel way to reduce the cost of carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide emission reduction. This book asks whether allowing countries to substitute emission reduction undertaken abroad in lieu of emission reduction at home will reduce the cost of emission reduction and allow more rapid and acute falls in pollution. Analysing US Department of Energy data on US emission reduction projects undertaken in Eastern Europe and Central America, this book explains differences in the cost of emission reduction by method and by country. The book sets out the conditions that would allow a joint implementation system to evolve into a full-blown tradable permits system. Political and practical objections to joint implementation are aired and addressed. This book is targeted at the environmental policy community, government officials, academics, the NGO community, economists and financiers, members of large corporations and museum educators everywhere.
With powerful, clearly written advice on how to control and to reduce dramatically unemployment insurance compensation taxes, here is an authoritative, useful guide to the UIC system. The authors draw upon their extensive experience to detail intricacies and pitfalls in the UIC system; they provide principles and strategies to help employers avoid them. With information on documenting and warning employees in cases where discharge may be imminent, proper use of the information in this book can help protect a company against unwarranted UIC tax charges. The authors also guide employers through the appeals process, demonstrating how to prepare, organize, and present a UIC case. Also included are myths and misconceptions about the UIC system, a look inside a local UIC office, and in-depth examination of how to deal with the UIC decision process, from the local office to the highest level of administrative appeal. This guide is an indispensible tool for anyone involved in hiring, discharging, or dealing with unemployment issues. Complete with sample forms and letters, a sample script of a typical UIC hearing, and comprehensive glossary, Controlling Unemployment Insurance Costs is a unique resource for employers in the private sector, and can also be used effectively by federal, state, and local government agencies. Human resource managers in universities and schools, non-profit organizations, and attorneys and paralegals will also find it valuable.
Regulations to promote health and safety may be costly relative to the expected health and safety benefits, and may actually have negative effects on health and safety. These negative effects, or costs, may be due to reduced private spending on health and safety, moral hazard, or the creation of new risks. This volume considers the use of costs--benefit analysis, risk--risk analysis, and health--health analysis to determine the mortality cost associated with regulatory expenditures.
Frontiers in Magnetism of Reduced Dimension Systems presents a definitive statement of our current knowledge and the state of the art in a field that has yet to achieve maturity, even though there are a number of potential applications of thin magnetic films and multilayers, such as magnetic sensors, data storage/retrieval media, actuators, etc.
Since the late nineteenth century, the "cost of living" has been a prominent part of debates about American political economy. By the early twentieth century, that prominence had taken a quantitative turn, as businessmen, unions, economists, and politicians all turned to cost-of-living statistics in their struggle to control and reshape the American economy. Today, the continuing power of these statistics is exemplified by the U.S Consumer Price Index, whose fluctuations have enormous consequences for economic policy and the federal budget (including the allocation of hundreds of billions of dollars annually through cost-of-living escalator clauses in programs such as Social Security). In this book, Stapleford interweaves economic theory with political history to create a novel account of the quantitative knowledge that underpins much of American political economy. Demonstrating that statistical calculations inevitably require political judgments, he reveals what choices were made in constructing and using cost-of-living statistics and why those choices matter both for our understanding of American history and for contemporary political and economic life.
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